Bert, Paul

   physiologist, political figure
   Born in Auxerre, Paul Bert was a student of claude Bernard and did his initial research on grafts and transplants, the physiology of respiration, the variations in functionary atmospheric pressure, and anesthetics. In 1878, he did the first comprehensive studies of the health effects of altered air pressure and composition, published under the title La Pression barometrique. Then leaving science for politics, he served as minister of public instruction in the gambetta cabinet (1881-82) and contributed to reforms in education, in particular, the adoption of free schooling and obligatory primary instruction. In 1886, he was named governor-general of Annam and Tonkin in Indochina. Bert was elected to the Academy of Sciences in 1882.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bert, Paul — born Oct. 17, 1833, Auxerre, Yonne, France died Nov. 11, 1886, Hanoi French physiologist, founder of modern aerospace medicine. He taught for many years at the Sorbonne and served as a deputy in the government from 1872–86. His research on the… …   Universalium

  • Bert, Paul — (17 oct. 1833, Auxerre, Yonne, Francia–11 nov. 1886, Hanoi). Fisiólogo francés, fundador de la medicina aeroespacial moderna. Enseñó por muchos años en la Sorbona y se desempeñó en el gobierno como diputado en 1872–86. Sus investigaciones sobre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BERT, PAUL —    a French physiologist and statesman, born at Auxerre; was professor of Physiology at Paris; took to politics after the fall of the Empire; Minister of Public Instruction under Gambetta; sent governor to Tonquin; died of fever soon after; wrote …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • BERT (P.) — BERT PAUL (1833 1886) Licencié en droit (1856) et en sciences naturelles (1860), docteur en médecine, Paul Bert devient, en 1863, préparateur de Claude Bernard au Collège de France. En 1866 1867, il enseigne la zoologie et la physiologie à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul Bert — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Paul et Bert. Paul Bert Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul Bert — Infobox Scientist name = Paul Bert box width = image size =150px caption = Paul Bert birth date = October 17, 1833 birth place = Auxerre (Yonne) death date = November 11, 1886 death place = Hanoi residence = citizenship = nationality = French… …   Wikipedia

  • Paul — /pawl/ for 1 3, 5; /powl/ for 4, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c67, a missionary and apostle to the gentiles: author of several of the Epistles. Cf. Saul (def. 2). 2. Alice, 1885 1977, U.S. women s rights activist. 3. Elliot (Harold), 1891 1958, U.S …   Universalium

  • paúl — I (Del lat. vulgar padule < lat. palus, paludis , pantano.) ► sustantivo masculino Terreno pantanoso cubierto de hierba. SINÓNIMO paular II (De san Vicente de Paúl.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino RELIGIÓN Se aplica al clérigo que es miembro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bert Bell — Bell (center) with Washington Redskins …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Bert — Statue Paul Berts in Auxerre Paul Bert (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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